Jaipur is a reservoir of the architectural wonders that embrace the rich legacy of India. It is also known as the Pink City and is the capital of the Rajasthan State. It was founded in 1727 by the Maharaja Sawai.There are many forts and monuments in Jaipur that are worth seeing. The Amber Fort, Jaigarh Fort and Nahargarh Fort are the three antique forts that provide the spectacular view of the city. In the heart of Jaipur, there lies the magnificent City Palace. The sight of the amazing Hawa Mahal is a strong favourite amongst tourist wishing to see the wonders of Indian architecture.
Gaitore is a memorial of the Royal Kings which is famed for its beautifully carved cenotaphs. The huge Jantar Mantar of Jaipur still captures the astronomical dream of Raja Sawai Jai Singh, considered a noble king of Jaipur. People from all over the world come to visit these relics.
In Jaipur, you will find that many old palaces and houses were painted ocher-pink for the 1853 visit of Prince Albert
The Hawa Mahal
The Hawa Mahal, translated as The Palace of the Winds, is a beautiful palace in Jaipur. It was built in 1799 by the Maharaja Sawai Pratap Singh and was designed by Lal Chand Usta in the form of the Hindu Lord Krishna's crown. It is part of the City Palace.
The Rajputs were strictly traditional. They did not wish their women folk to be seen in public. The Rajput women were themselves immensely particular about their dignity and self respect so that they preferred not to come out in the open with the common public and strangers. For that reason the Hawa Mahal was built, to allow the royal women to watch the daily life of people on the street below without being observed themselves The Hawa Mahal is a wonderful example of Rajputana architecture.
This beautiful five storied building is constructed from red and pink sandstone. The side of the palace facing the street has 953 small windows which allows a welcome breeze to circulate around the place, giving the palace its name, 'Palace of the Winds'.
The Amber Fort
The Amber Fort is located in Jaipur. This Fort is stunning, all constructed in white marble and red sandstone. To add to its alure, the Maotha Lake creates its foreground. The crystal mirror image of the Fort, on the still waters of the lake, seem to be a beautiful illusion and provides a unique photographic opportunity. Often pronounced The Amer Fort, it was under construction in1592. The Amber Fort took its present form during the reign of Raja Jai Singh I.
The outer appearance of the Fort, is totally different from the centre. The exterior is craggy and the interior of the Fort provides a soothing ambience. The decoration of the Amber Fort is influenced by both, Hindu and Muslim ornamentation. There are exquisite paintings on the walls that depict the temperament of the Rajputs, who were adventurous and self-indulgent.
The detailed carvings on the walls and ceilings astonish the visitors. The intricate mirror work adds to the grand appearance of the halls. The Amber Fort undoubtedly captivates tourists with its artistic and delicate work. The mighty walls guarantee the protection of the Fort against the invasion of the enemies.
The best part of this tourist attraction situated on a hill, is the royal elephant ride. The flawless beauty of the Fort can be enjoyed today by the tourists on an elephant ride. Amber/Amer Fort is the part of Jaipur and its royalty. A trip to Jaipur would be definitely incomplete, without the visit to this imperial Fort of Amber.
The Nahargarh Fort
Built mainly in 1734 by Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II, it is partially in ruins. The Nahagarh Fort stands on the edge of the Aravalli Hills which overlook the pink city of Jaipur. The view of Jaipur City from this fort is breathtaking. Together with the Amber Fort and the Jaigarh Fort it formed a strong defence ring for the city.
The word Nahargarh means the abode of tigers. Legends say that the fort was named after Prince Nahar whose spirit haunted the place and obstructed construction of the fort.
In the fort, the rooms are linked by corridors and still have some delicate frescos. There are nine apartments, for the nine queens the Maharaja had, and all are very well decorated. Nahargarh was also called the hunting residence of Maharajas.