Chambal Wildlife Sanctuary


The Chambal River is an exceptionally beautiful and peaceful river. It is a tributary of the Yamuna River in Central India. The beautiful river flows north-northeast through the state of Madhya Pradesh, passing through the state of Rajasthan, then forming the boundary between Rajasthan and Madhya Pradesh before turning southeast to join the Yamuna in the state of Uttar Pradesh.

The Chambal River remains one of North India's most unpolluted rivers. Because of this, it is home to a rich diversity of flora and fauna. The National Chambal Wildlife Sanctuary is most famous for the Gharial and the rare Gangetic River Dolphin.

This National Chambal Wildlife Sanctuary was founded in 1978 and is part of a large area co-administered by Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh. The National Chambal Sanctuary was formed to protect the pristine river ecosystem, complete with its varied flora, aquatic life and avifauna.There is approximately 400km of the river within the reserve. Apart from the Gangetic River Dolphin and Gharial, the sanctuary is also home to Mugger Crocodiles and many species of birds, including Indian Skimmers.

The National Chambal Sanctuary currently boasts of over 290 species of resident and migratory bird species, including large nesting colonies of the rare Indian Skimmers. You will often find Sarus Cranes, Painted Storks, River Lapwings, Small Pratincoles, Great Thick-knees and large numbers of Lesser Whistling Ducks, to name but a few. The Sanctuary is best explored by boat, and there is spectacular wildlife viewing and photographic opportunities on this calm and gentle river.

A Selection of Chambal's Mammals

Gangetic River Dolphin, Rhesus Macaque, Hanuman Langur, Jackal, Bengal Fox, Smooth Coated Otter, Striped Hyaena, Samba, Nilgai.

A Selection of Chambal's Birds

Black Francolin, Comb Duck, Spot-billed Duck, Lesser Whistling Duck, Barred Button Quail, Yellow-fronted Pied Woodpecker, Indian Roller, White-throated Kingfisher, Pied Kingfisher, Green Bee-eater, Blue-tailed Bee-eater, Pied Cuckoo, Asian Koel, Plumb-headed Parakeet, Brown Hawk Owl, Sarus Crane, Bronze-winged Jacana, Kentish Plover, River Lapwing, White-rumped Vulture, Laggar Falcon, Great White Egret, Black-headed Ibis, Indian Pitta, Long-tailed Shrike, Rufous Treepie, Black-hooded Oriole, White-bellied Drongo, Asian Paradise Flycatcher, Blue-capped Rock Thrush, Ultramarine Flycatcher, Bluethroat, Jungle Myna, Oriental White-eye, Tickell's Leaf Warbler, Large Grey Babbler, Purple Sunbird, Spanish Sparrow, Citrine Wagtail, Black-breasted Weaver and Red Avadavat.

A Selection of Chambal's Reptiles

Gharial, Mugger Crocodile, Flap Shell Turtle, Soft Shell Turtle, Narrow-headed Turtle, Red-crowned Roof Turtle, Three-striped Roof Turtle, Indian Roofed Turtle, Crowned River Turtle, Indian Tent Turtle, Monitor Lizard, Cobra and Krait.

Chambal Facts

  • Area : 400 kms.
  • Altitude : 200-500 metres.
  • Temperature (deg C): Summer- Max 45.0 - Min 25.0 Winter- Max 23.0 - Min 5
  • Rainfall : 2100 mms.
  • Reserve Opening Times : October to June.