Gir National Park & Wildlife Sanctuary


The Gir Wildlife Sanctuary and National Park, collectively referred to as the Gir Protected Area (PA), is located in the Saurashtra Peninsula of Gujarat in Western India.


Vegetation in Gir can be looked at in four ways. The first is the Teak forest and nearly half of the protected area has this kind of a habitat. The main tree species that occupy this habitat are Khair, Sadad, Timru, Babul, Amla, Moledi, Dhavdo, Kadayo and Bahedo. 

The non-Teak forests, which comprise the remaining forest consists of tree species like the Khair, Dhavdo, Sadad, Timru, Amla, Moledi, Kadayo, Salai, Simal, Khakhro, Ber and Asundro. A distinct belt of vegetation is found along the main rivers and streams. Species like the Jambu, Karanj, Umro, Vad, Kalam, Charal, Sirus and Amli are found here. These trees are mostly broad leaved and evergreen, giving the area a cool shade and the moisture content. Finally, Prosopis and Casuarina have been planted in the coastal border as part of the aforestation plan.


The Gir National Park is a heaven to about 300 Asiatic lions. The Lion, (Panther leo), inhabits the forest of Gir in the Saurashtra Peninsula, attracting sixty thousand visitors to this sanctuary of Gujarat every year. Gir today is the only place in the world, outside Africa, where the lion can be seen in its natural habitat. The Asiatic lion is slightly smaller than its African cousin; nevertheless, a large male lion of the Gir is quite a sight to behold. The best way to observe the big cats is, of course, in their natural surroundings, at dawn and dusk, when they are on the prowl. Wildlife viewing in the Gir is best done, by driving around the forest.

Wildlife Safaris in Gir National Park

Indian Wildlife Tours has put together a 5 day exclusive Asiatic Lion tour in Gir. Gir is best known as the last home of the Asiatic Lion. Gir Sanctuary was created in 1965 and was declared a National Park in 1975. In Gir, there are over 350 lions, more than 250 leopards, over 50,000 ungulates, 300 species of bird, 500 species of trees and more than 2,000 species of insects.

Gir Facts

  • Area : 1,412 sq. kms
  • Altitude : 400 - 1200 metres
  • Temperature (deg C): Summer- Max 45.0, Min 33.0. Winter- Max 15.0, Min 7.0
  • Rainfall : 600 mm to 1000 mm
  • Reserve Opening Times: November to mid June