Kaziranga National Park


The sheer biodiversity of wildlife and habits enabled the status of Kaziranga to become a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1985. Kaziranga is a remarkable success story of conservation. It is famous for being a stronghold for the One Horned India Rhinoceros and for being one of the best places in India to see Wild Asiatic Elephants.

Lying along the mighty Brahmaputra River, Kaziranaga National Park covers an area of about 430sq-kms. Its swamps and grasslands with tall thickets of elephant grass and patches of evergreen forest support the largest number of Rhino in the whole of the Indian subcontinent. Once depleted to an alarming point, due to hunting and poaching, this area came under wildlife conservation in 1926 and in 1940, Kaziranga was declared a sanctuary.

Kaziranga is a birding paradise. This is raptor country and a visit to the vast open grasslands provides a remarkable experience.  The raptors include the Oriental Honey Buzzard, Black-Shouldered Kite, Black Kite, Brahminy Kite, Pallas's Fishing Eagle, White Tailed Eagle, Grey-Headed Fishing Eagle, Himalayan Griffon, etc. Huge numbers of migratory birds descend on the parks lakes and marshy areas during winters, including Greylag Geese, Bar-Headed Geese, Ruddy Shelduck, Gadwall, Falcated Duck, Red-Crested Pochard and Northern Shoveller.

The open landscape makes wildlife viewing at Kaziranga fairly easy. A days outing is often sufficient for visitors to see most of the major species here. Elephants can take visitors into the park in the early morning hours. Other wildlife attractions at Kaziranga include Barasingha (the very rare Swamp Deer), Wild Buffalo, Wild Elephants and Wild Boars.

Other major birding highlights are Whistling Ducks, the Bengal Florican, various storks, herons and even pelicans.