Pench National Park



Pench


Pench National Park, is located in the lower southern reaches of the Satpura Hills It is named after the Pench River which flows through Pench National Park from north to south. It is located on the southern boundary of Madhya Pradesh.  In 1992, the status of Pench was raised, when it became included in  "Project Tiger" as the 19th Project Tiger Reserve.

This southern Indian moist, tropical decidous forest, including dry deciduous Teak. The area is criss-crossed by a number of streams and 'nallahs' most of which are seasonal. Though the Pench River dries up in by the end of April, a number of water pools locally known as 'dohs' are to be found. These serve as water holes for the wild animals. The Pench Reservoir at the centre of the park is the only major water source during the dry period.

There is a high concentration of tiger prey, such as deer, long the Pench River. In this area, the tiger is visible while the leopard generally hunts the peripheral areas, avoiding the tiger. Jungle cats are commonly seen and it is possible to see Indian and Palm Civet.

In Pench, the Spotted and Sambar Deer are common, so too are the Nilgai. These are to be commonly found grazing on the open sites, on roadsides and banks of the rivers & reservoir. Jackals can be seen in search of food anywhere in the park. Packs of Wild Dog (Dhole) can be seen near Chedia, Jamtara, Bodanala and the Pyorthadi areas of the reserve. Herds of Gaur can be commonly spotted near the streams and the bamboo patches in the summer months. The Sloth Bear will often occupy hilly, rocky outcrops and favour Mahul Bel infested forest. The Indian Gazelle is present in very small numbers but they can be found in open areas around Turia, Telia and the Dudhgaon Villages.

Common Langurs are very common in Pench, whereas the Rhesus Macaques may be seen occasionally on the fringes. Pench boasts of more than 210 species of birds.

Location


Pench National Park is situated in the Seoni District of Southern Madhya Pradesh and runs in continuation with Pench National Park in Maharashtra. It is situated 80 Kms from Nagpur (2 hour drive), providing easy access to Nagpur Airport. It is well connected by an all weather road network to other important places in Madhya Pradesh and Maharashtra such as Kanha and Tadoba.

Flora in Pench


It is blessed with forests spread in all directions. As per the physiognomy, the forest type is southern tropical dry deciduous teak and southern tropical mixed deciduous forest with other species of shrubs, trees and climbers. Teak and its associates Moyan, Mahua, Mokha, Skiras, Tendu, Bija, Achar, Garari, Aonla, Ghont, Baranga, Amaltas, Kihamali, Khair and Palas. Bamboo occurs sparsely, and is restricted to some of the valleys.

Fauna in Pench


Pench National Park is very rich in fauna and a number of endangered species have made it their habitat. There are around 55 tigers under this area of the park. There are 39 species of mammals, 13 species of reptile, and over 210 varieties of birds have already been listed.

Seasons

  • October to January- Cold 16°C to 3°C
  • February to March - Cool 16°C to 26°C
  • April to June- 26°C to 42°C